Wood is one of the world’s oldest building materials, with excellent construction performance, high strength and versatility in form and aesthetics. It is an abundant, sustainable and renewable resource that helps us combat climate change and be more environmentally conscious.
A well-known advantage of wood is its good performance as an insulating material, which gives it excellent heat and sound insulating qualities with a high performance, as it is 6 times more efficient than brick, 15 times more efficient than concrete and 400 times more efficient than steel. In addition, the thermal properties of wood reduce energy consumption by moderating the thermal change from the inside to the outside.
Another important characteristic of wood is its good mechanical properties so that it can effectively respond to the various structural forces to which it will be subjected. Wood has high resistance in relation to its weight, great durability, and is flexible, with a degree of resilience, which means that it can “bend slightly”, return to its original condition or remain in its new state.
Wood also has excellent fire resistance due to its low thermal conductivity and its ability to form a carbonised surface layer, which allows it to maintain its physical and mechanical properties for longer than metal or concrete structures. Although wood and its derivatives are highly combustible, they will present considerable fire resistance depending on the design and construction details.
For timber construction, one of the most notable characteristics is the speed of the assembly and construction process. With the help of a pre-study, resources are optimised and time and money are saved.
It is also worth highlighting its qualities as an ecological, healthy and natural material. Designing environments with wood improves the quality of life and well-being thanks to its thermal and acoustic properties.